My research focuses on the interaction of economic development and the environment. In particular, I am interested in the impacts of improved market access and property rights on land use and natural resources such as fish stocks, forests, and biodiversity. I use mathematical models to guide my empirical analysis and to derive testable predictions. I often collaborate with environmental scientists to better understand and quantify the environmental changes and drivers.

I am co-PI of the Wildlife and Conservation Economics Laboratory which hosts the profiles of my team members. Furthermore, I am also associated with the Centre for Food, Resource and Environmental Economics.


Working Papers

Graduate students are underlined.

Rural-Urban Migration and the Re-organization of Agriculture

with Raahil Madhok, Mushfiq Mobarak, and Olivier Deschnes. Yale Economic Growth Center Working Paper.


Nature’s Decline and Recovery – Structural Change, Regulatory Costs, and the Onset of Resource Use Regulation

with Marie-Catherine Riekhof, Revisions Requested, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management


Can Migration Mitigate Weather Damages?

with Bianca Cecato and Patrick Baylis


Ecology of scope and the productivity of small-scale farming

with Martin Quaas


Multinationals vs Mother Nature? The Impact of Multinational Firms on the Environment

with Dominic Rohner and Tommaso Sonno (Draft available upon request)



Graduate students are underlined.

Credit markets, property rights, and the commons

Frederik Noack and Christopher Costello, Journal of Political Economy, conditionally accepted.

NBER Working paper version.


Crop diversity buffers the impact of droughts and high temperatures on food production.

Delphine Renard, Lucie Mahaut, and Frederik Noack, Environmental Research Letters, 2023.


The Land Use Consequences of Rural to Urban Migration

Julia Brewer,  Ashley Larsen, and Frederik Noack, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2022.


A bird’s eye view of farm size and biodiversity: The ecological legacy of the iron curtain

Frederik Noack, Ashley Larsen, Johannes Kamp, and Christian Levers, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2022.


Saving the world from your couch: The heterogeneous medium-run benefits of COVID-19 lockdowns on air pollution

Jean-Philippe Bonardi, Quentin Gallea, Dimitrija Kalanoski, Rafael Lalive, Raahil Madhok, Frederik Noack, Dominic Rohner and Tommaso Sonno, Environmental Research Letters, 2021.

The study was covered by The Conversation, the National Post, Global News, Spice Radio and other news outlets.


Human casualties are the dominant cost of human–wildlife conflict in India

Sumeet Gulati, Krithi K. Karanth, Nguyet Anh Le & Frederik Noack, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021.


Impact of local and landscape complexity on the stability of field-level pest control

Ashley Larsen & Frederik Noack, Nature Sustainability, 2021.


Resource abundance and education

Frederik Noack, Economic Development & Cultural Change, 2020.


The contrasting effects of farm size on farm incomes and food production.

Frederik Noack & Ashley Larsen, Environmental Research Letters, 2019.


Droughts, Biodiversity, and Rural Incomes in the Tropics.

Frederik Noack, Marie-Catherine Riekhof & Salvatore Di Falco, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2019

Link to publication


Climate, crops, and forests: a pan-tropical analysis of household income generation.

Sven Wunder, Frederik Noack & Arild Angelsen, Environment and Development Economics, 2018. Link to the working paper.


Development in a Dual Economy: The Importance of Resource-Use Regulation.

Frederik Noack, Marie-Catherine Riekhof & Martin Quaas, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2018. Link to the working paper.

Link to publication


Identifying the landscape drivers of agricultural insecticide use leveraging evidence from 100,000 fields.

Ashley Larsen & Frederik Noack, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017


Separate or mixed production of timber, livestock and biodiversity in the Caspian Forest.

Frederik Noack, Michael Manthey, Jack Ruitenbeek, & Marvie Mohadjerd, Ecological Economics, 2010.