My research focuses on the interaction of economic development and the environment. In particular, I am interested in the impacts of improved market access and property rights on land use and natural resources such as fish stocks, forests and biodiversity. I use mathematical models to guide my empirical analysis and to derive testable predictions. I often collaborate with environmental scientists to better understand and quantify the environmental changes and drivers.

I am co-PI of the Wildlife and Conservation Economics Laboratory which also hosts the profiles of my team members. I am also associated with the Centre for Food, Resource and Environmental Economics.



Human casualties are the dominant cost of human–wildlife conflict in India

Sumeet Gulati, Krithi K. Karanth, Nguyet Anh Le & Frederik Noack, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2021.


Impact of local and landscape complexity on the stability of field-level pest control

Ashley Larsen & Frederik Noack, Nature Sustainability, 2020.


Resource abundance and education

Frederik Noack, Economic Development & Cultural Change, 2020.


The contrasting effects of farm size on farm incomes and food production.

Frederik Noack & Ashley Larsen, Environmental Research Letters, 2019.


Droughts, Biodiversity, and Rural Incomes in the Tropics.

Frederik Noack, Marie-Catherine Riekhof & Salvatore Di Falco, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2019


Climate, crops, and forests: a pan-tropical analysis of household income generation.

Sven Wunder, Frederik Noack & Arild Angelsen, Environment and Development Economics, 2018. Link to the working paper.


Development in a Dual Economy: The Importance of Resource-Use Regulation.

Frederik Noack, Marie-Catherine Riekhof & Martin Quaas, Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, 2018. Link to the working paper.


Identifying the landscape drivers of agricultural insecticide use leveraging evidence from 100,000 fields.

Ashley Larsen & Frederik Noack, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018


Separate or mixed production of timber, livestock and biodiversity in the Caspian Forest.

Frederik Noack, Michael Manthey, Jack Ruitenbeek, & Marvie Mohadjerd, Ecological Economics, 2010.


Working Papers

Saving the world from your couch: The heterogeneous medium-run benefits of COVID-19 lockdowns on air pollution (with Jean-Philippe Bonardi, Quentin Gallea, Dimitrija Kalanoski, Rafael Lalive, Raahil Madhok,  Dominic Rohner, and Tommaso Sonno).


Why are farms diverse? (with Martin Quaas, new version coming soon).


The impact of credit markets on natural resources with insecure property rights: Evidence from global fisheries (with Christopher Costello).


Sustainability ratings and outcomes in US fisheries (with Tim Cashion &  Rashid Sumaila, R&R Environmental and Resource Economics)

Work in Progress

Natural resource decline and recovery (with Marie-Catherine Riekhof)

Fisheries regulation and income distributions (with Elyse Adamic)

Multinational enterprises and the environment (with Dominic Rohner and Tommaso Sonno)

Farm size and biodiversity (with Christian Levers, Johannes Kamp & Ashley Larsen)

Environmental shocks and rural to urban migration (with Patrick Baylis and Bianca Cecato)

Rural to urban migration and deforestation (with Julia Brewer, Ashley  Larsen & Navin Ramankutty)

Rural to urban migration, technology adoption and the environment (with Olivier Deschnes, Raahil madhok, Mushfiq Mobarak)